New feature in Applied Sciences
Low-Damage Reactive Ion Etching of Nanoplasmonic Waveguides with Ultrathin Noble Metal Films
Nanoplasmonic waveguides utilizing surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) propagation have been investigated for more than 15 years and are now well understood. Many researchers make their efforts to find the best ways of using light and overcoming the speed limit of integrated circuits by means of SPPs. Here, we introduce the simulation results and fabrication technology of dielectric-metal-dielectric long-range nanoplasmonic waveguides, which consists of a multilayer stack based on ultrathin noble metals in between alumina thin films. Various waveguide topologies are simulated to optimize all the geometric and multilayer stack parameters. We demonstrate the calculated propagation length of Lprop = 0.27 mm at the 785 nm wavelength for the Al2O3 / Ag / Al2O3 waveguides. In addition, we numerically show the possibility to eliminate signal cross-talks (less than 0.01%) between two crossed waveguides. One of the key technology issues of such waveguides’ nanofabrication is a dry, low-damage-etching of a multilayer stack with extremely sensitive ultrathin metals. In this paper, we propose the fabrication process flow, which provides both dry etching of Al2O3 / Au (Ag) / Al2O3 waveguides nanostructures with high aspect ratios and non-damage ultrathin metal films patterning. We believe that the proposed design and fabrication process flow provides new opportunities in next-generation photonic interconnects, plasmonic nanocircuitry, quantum optics and biosensors.
Alina A. Dobronosova, Anton I. Ignatov 2, Olga S. Sorokina, Nikolay A. Orlikovskiy, Michail Andronik, Aleksey R. Matanin, Kirill O. Buzaverov, Daria A. Ezenkova, Sergey A. Avdeev, Dimitry A. Baklykov, Vitaly V. Ryzhkov, Aleksander M. Merzlikin, Aleksander V. Baryshev, Ilya A. Ryzhikov and Ilya A. Rodionov
Applied Sciences 9, 4441, 2019 (ImF 2.217)